August 11, 2022

Key Differences Between U.S., Iranian ‘Framework’ Fact Sheets

Key Differences Between U.S., Iranian ‘Framework’ Fact SheetsOn Sanctions

  • The Language
    U.S.: “U.S. and E.U. nuclear-related sanctions will be suspended after the IAEA has verified that Iran has taken all of its key nuclear-related steps…. All past UN Security Council resolutions on the Iran nuclear issue will be lifted simultaneous with the completion, by Iran, of nuclear-related actions addressing all key concerns.”

    Iran: “According to the reached solutions, after the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action, all of the UN resolutions will be revoked and all of the multilateral economic and financial sanctions by the EU and the unilateral ones by the U.S. will be annulled.”

    Key takeaway:
    The U.S. says sanctions relief will be phased, suspended, and tied to Iran’s compliance with the terms of the deal. Iran says the sanctions, once the final agreement is sealed, will end more quickly.

  • On Stockpiles

    The Language
    U.S.:  “Iran has agreed to not enrich uranium over 3.67 percent for at least 15 years. Iran has agreed to reduce its current stockpile of about 10,000 kg of low-enriched uranium (LEU) to 300 kg of 3.67 percent LEU for 15 years.”

    Iran: “According to the reached solutions, the timeframe of the Comprehensive Plan of Joint Action regarding Iran’s enrichment program will be 10 years. During this period, more than 5,000 centrifuge machines will continue producing enriched material at the 3.67 percent level at Natanz.”

    Key takeaway:
    Iran says it will limit enrichment and its stockpile for 10 years, the U.S. says 15.

  • On Inspections

    The Language (paraphrased for simplicity)
    U.S.:  The IAEA will have regular access to Iran’s nuclear facilities as well as the supply chain that supports Iran’s nuclear program.

    Iran: The fact sheet doesn’t specifically mention access to facilities or inspections, but does say Iran would, on a voluntary and temporary basis, implement an “additional protocol” on access to nuclear facilities, “for the sake of transparency and confidence building.”

    Key takeaway:
    Intrusive inspections probably aren’t a great selling point for Iran’s domestic audience.